The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Typical working day..

Roman Pasechnik

Senior lecturer

Typical working day..

What can a heavy U(1)B−L Z boson do to the muon (g−2)µ anomaly and to a new Higgs boson mass?


  • António P. Morais
  • Roman Pasechnik
  • J. Pedro Rodrigues

Summary, in English

The minimal U(1)B−L extension of the Standard Model (B-L-SM) offers an explanation for neutrino mass generation via a seesaw mechanism; it also offers two new physics states, namely an extra Higgs boson and a new Z gauge boson. The emergence of a second Higgs particle as well as a new Z gauge boson, both linked to the breaking of a local U(1)B−L symmetry, makes the B-L-SM rather constrained by direct searches in Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments. We investigate the phenomenological status of the B-L-SM by confronting the new physics predictions with the LHC and electroweak precision data. Taking into account the current bounds from direct LHC searches, we demonstrate that the prediction for the muon (g−2)µ anomaly in the B-L-SM yields at most a contribution of approximately 8.9×10−12 , which represents a tension of 3.28 standard deviations, with the current 1σ uncertainty, by means of a Z boson if its mass is in the range of 6.3 to 6.5 TeV, within the reach of future LHC runs. This means that the B-L-SM, with heavy yet allowed Z boson mass range, in practice, does not resolve the tension between the observed anomaly in the muon (g−2)µ and the theoretical prediction in the Standard Model. Such a heavy Z boson also implies that the minimal value for the new Higgs mass is of the order of 400 GeV.


  • Theoretical Particle Physics

Publishing year





Chinese Physics C





Document type

Journal article


IOP Publishing


  • Subatomic Physics


  • Beyond Standard Model
  • Gauge extensions of the Standard Model
  • Higgs physics
  • Z′ boson




  • ISSN: 1674-1137