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Johan Rathsman. Photo.

Johan Rathsman

Senior lecturer

Johan Rathsman. Photo.

Family symmetries and radiative corrections in multi-scalar extensions of the Standard Model

Author

  • Jonas Wessén

Summary, in English

The four articles contained in this thesis all concern aspects of model building beyond the Standard Model (BSM). While Paper I mainly serves as a ``tool paper'' in which the results can be used to simplify certain calculations of one-loop effects from new heavy particles, Paper II--IV all deal with consequences of family symmetries in several BSM scenarios.

Paper I. We derive expressions for any number of derivatives of the Coleman-Weinberg potential in a general renormalisable four-dimensional field theory with arbitrary number of fields with spin~$\leq$~1. These correspond to the one-loop contributions to scalar $n$-point functions neglecting external momenta. The results are applied to two singlet extensions of the Standard Model, where we study the one-loop effects on the triple-Higgs coupling from the new exotic heavy states.

Paper II. In this paper we study a non-supersymmetric trinification theory where a novel $\mathrm{SU}(3)_F$ family symmetry is imposed on the model. The tree-level scalar potential often has a global minimum where the trinification gauge group is broken to a Left-Right symmetric gauge group, and after integrating out all particles with masses of the order of the grand unification scale we show that the renormalisation group is able to trigger a radiative breaking down to the Standard Model gauge group with light Higgs doublets still remaining in the spectrum.

Paper III. This paper is about a supersymmetrised version of the $\mathrm{SU}(3)_F$ symmetric trinification model of Paper II. The absence of an appropriate scalar potential minimum is rectified by adding novel gauge adjoint chiral superfields. The resulting superpotential allows for a breaking of the grand unification symmetry, while all subsequent symmetry breaking scales are given by soft supersymmetry breaking parameters. The tree-level mass spectrum resulting from this soft breaking of supersymmetry is discussed.

Paper IV. A three Higgs doublet model is introduced with a $\mathrm{U}(1) \times \mathrm{U}(1)$ family symmetry that simultaneously enforces a Cabibbo quark mixing under charged current interactions and forbids tree-level flavour changing neutral currents. Furthermore, a hierarchy in the vacuum expectation values of the three doublets produces a SM-like Higgs boson and hierarchical fermion masses, and also causes the exotic scalar states to couple most strongly to the second quark family. A search strategy for the lightest charged scalar boson in the model is proposed that utilises the $c \bar{s}$ fusion channel, and is shown to be capable of probing a large portion of the model's parameter space. This is formulated in a model independent manner such that it can be directly applied to any model with the same discovery channel.

Department/s

  • Theoretical Particle Physics

Publishing year

2018

Language

English

Document type

Dissertation

Publisher

Lund University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics

Topic

  • Subatomic Physics

Keywords

  • Beyond the Standard Model
  • Trinification
  • Grand Unification
  • Three Higgs doublet models
  • Coleman-Weinberg potential, Supersymmetry, Left-Right symmetry
  • Fysicumarkivet A:2018:Wessén

Status

Published

Supervisor

  • Roman Pasechnik
  • Johan Rathsman

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISBN: 978-91-7753-671-0
  • ISBN: 978-91-7753-672-7

Defence date

18 May 2018

Defence time

13:00

Defence place

Hall K404, Department of Physics, Sölvegatan 14A, Lund

Opponent

  • Werner Porod (Prof. Dr.)