Using neural networks to identify jets
Summary, in English
A neural network method for identifying the ancestor of a hadron jet is presented. The idea is to find an efficient mapping between certain observed hadronic kinematical variables and the quark-gluon identity. This is done with a neuronic expansion in terms of a network of sigmoidal functions using a gradient descent procedure, where the errors are back-propagated through the network. With this method we are able to separate gluon from quark jets originating from Monte Carlo generated e+e- events with ≈85% approach. The result is independent of the MC model used. This approach for isolating the gluon jet is then used to study the so-called string effect. In addition, heavy quarks (b and c) in e+e- reactions can be identified on the 50% level by just observing the hadrons. In particular we are able to separate b-quarks with an efficiency and purity, which is comparable with what is expected from vertex detectors. We also speculate on how the neutral network method can be used to disentangle different hadronization schemes by compressing the dimensionality of the state space of hadrons.
- Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics
Nuclear Physics, Section B
- Subatomic Physics
- ISSN: 0550-3213