The course is given the second period of the spring semester in even years.
The course is given in English
The course contains: Electrmagnetic radiation and non-photonic astronomy. The influence of the atmosphere on observations. Derectors for optical and infrared radiation. Detectors for radio waves. Noise characteristics of detectors. Signal-to-noise ratio, quantum efficiency, and detectable quantum efficiency. Light collecting and imaging instruments. adaptive optics and extremely large telescopes. Space observatories. Spatial resolution and MTF. interferometry, visibility, UV-plane and interferometric imaging. Photometry, photometric systems and photometric reduction methods. Spectroscopy, grating, echelle and fourier tramsform spectrometers. Astrometry from earth and from space. Polarimetry and determination os Stokes vector.